Alison Doyle is one of the nation’s foremost career experts and has counseled both students and corporations on hiring practices. She has given hundreds of interviews on the topic for outlets including The thủ đô new york Times, đài truyền hình bbc News, and LinkedIn. Alison founded CareerToolBelt.com & has been an expert in the field for more than đôi mươi years.
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A skill set is the knowledge, abilities, & experience needed khổng lồ perform a job. Specific skill set areas can include human relations, research & planning, accounting, leadership, management, & computer skills.
What Is a Skill Set?
A skill set is the combination of knowledge, personal qualities, and abilities that you've developed through your life và work. It typically combines two types of skills: soft skills và hard skills.
Soft skillsare interpersonal or people skills. They are somewhat difficult lớn quantify and relate to someone"s personality và ability khổng lồ work with others. This in-demand skill phối includes good communication, listening, attention to lớn detail, critical thinking, empathy, và conflict resolution abilities, among other skills.
Hard skillsare quantifiable and teachable. They include the specific technicalknowledgeand abilities required for a job. Examples of hard skills include computer programming, accounting, mathematics, và data analysis.
How Skill Sets Work
In the workplace, you typically use a range of skills on a given day. Some of these skills are job-specific. For example, hairstylists will use their knowledge of hair-coloring techniques và payroll clerks will use their accounting software skills. You might learn these skills by going lớn school or through training with an experienced mentor.
You might also use hard skills that aren't job-specific. For example, you might use your written communication skills lớn craft an e-mail to follow-up on an important project. You might use your verbal communication skills to present a project idea to a manager.
You might also use soft skills you've developed through your work experience, school, and volunteer roles. They might include problem-solving or resolving a conflict with a customer.
One difference between hard skills and soft skillsis that you can easily danh mục hard skills on a resume, while soft skills may come across more clearly during an in-person job interview.
Examples of Skill Sets
Below are examples of the skills that employers seek in candidates based on their career focus. Develop these skills and emphasize them in job applications, resumes, cover letters, and interviews.
Skill Sets for Administrative Careers
Administrative skillsare those related lớn running a business or keeping an office organized. These skills are needed for a variety of jobs, ranging from office assistants khổng lồ secretaries khổng lồ office managers. This skill phối might include:
Written and verbal communicationCustomer serviceInterpersonal skillsDocument managementJob-specific softwareEvent coordinationOrganizationTime managementProblem-solvingCollaboration
Skill Sets for Sales Careers
Selling is a multifaceted and demanding line of work. In addition to being able khổng lồ sell, salespeople must have excellent communication, customer service, and sale skills. A sales skill set might include:
Account managementClient acquisition and retentionTeam managementCustomer relationship management (CRM)NegotiationNetworkingPersuasionPublic speakingEmotional intelligenceBrandingCollaboration
Skill Sets for Education Careers
The skill sets you need khổng lồ be a great teacher range from leadership & compassion to lớn organization & computer skills. By highlighting these key traits, you'll appeal lớn the schools khổng lồ which you are applying. The skills needed for a career in education include:
CollaborationClassroom managementInterpersonal skillsActive listeningWritten và verbal communicationLeadershipOrganizationFlexibilityComputer skillsAssessment skillsInstructional skillsPublic speaking
Skill Sets for Information công nghệ (IT) Jobs
There are many different jobs in the IT sector. Employers typically look for a combination of technical skills and soft skills when hiring. Some employers may look for expertise in a specific language or program, while others might look for a more general skill set. Desired IT skills include:
Skill Sets for Health Careers
Nurses and other healthcare professionals need several skill sets to lớn succeed. They must be able lớn perform certain procedures (such as giving vaccinations and drawing blood), be tech-savvy, & use soft skills lớn connect with patients & colleagues. Essential skills for health care professionals include:
AdaptabilityAnalysisApplying current research to lớn medical practiceAttention khổng lồ detailCollaborationDiagnosisCare plan developmentLeadershipActive listeningMathMultitaskingOrganizationProblem-solvingUnderstanding và applying rules and regulationsResearchTime management
How lớn Get Skill Sets
Some skills can only be acquired through formal training. In that case, you may need khổng lồ obtain a degree or certification lớn learn the skills you need.
Other skills, lượt thích soft skills, are ones that you develop through your experiences. Odds are that you already have some of these skills. Here's how to lớn determine your chip core skills:
Pinpoint what you enjoy doing:Identify tasks that you enjoy doing và withwhichyou feel competent. Perhaps you"ve enjoyed positions where you can use your knowledge và patiently answer questions. That might be expressed as "communication skills" or "customer service abilities" on a resume or during an interview.Consider the compliments you receive:In a work setting, determine what activities lead to lớn praise. Perhaps you consistently receive acknowledgment for your collaborative abilities during performance reviews. Maybe your previous managers have commented on your timeliness or attention lớn detail. Evaluate the different jobs you"ve done:Look at the job descriptions for the jobs you"ve held. What skills bởi they highlight? If you were successful in those positions, you may have used those skills & should consider bringing attention khổng lồ those during a job search.
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If you are looking for a job that requires a skill phối that you don"t currently possess, consider gaining it throughskill-sharing: Someone with a particular skill shares their knowledge in exchange for lessons from you in another skill.
A skill phối is the knowledge, abilities, and experience needed to lớn perform a job. Your skill set includes hard skills and soft skills. Employees use a range of skills in their work that they've acquired through experience and training. Employers are looking for combinations of hard and soft skills. You can learn more about the skills you have by reflecting on your work and using skill assessment tools.