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KỲ THI TRUNG HỌC PHỔTHÔNG QUỐC GIA NĂM 2020

Bài thi: NGOẠI NGỮ; Môn thi: TIẾNG ANH

Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề

ĐỀ THI THAM KHẢO 2020

A. ĐỀ THI THAM KHẢO MÔN TIẾNG ANH 2020

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

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Question 1: A. Attends B. Appears C. Accepts D. Complains

Question 2: A. Light B. Rise C. Mile D. Gift

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to lớn indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

Question 3: A. Respect B. Marry C. Depend D. Predict

Question 4: A. Fantastic B. Powerful C. Sensitive D. Personal

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to lớn indicate the correct answer khổng lồ each of the following questions.

Question 5: The view is great,_______?

A. Isn’t it B. Was it c. Doesn’t it D. Did it

Question 6: Mark hopes__________a small part in the school play.

A. Khổng lồ get “ B. Getting c. Get D. Got

Question 7: If I____________just one year younger, I would be eligible for the scholarship.

A. Am B. Will be c. Would be D. Were

Question 8: His health has improved a lot since he_____doing regular exercise.

A. Starts B. Started c. Has started D. Had started

Question 9: Parents shouldn’t use physical punishment_________it negatively influences children’s development.

A. Because of B. Although c. Because D. In spite of

Question 10: We’ll send you an e-mail of confirmation__________.

A. After we had made our final decision

B. Before we made our final decision

C. While we were making our final decision

D. As soon as we have made our final decision

Question 11: You should book advance because the restaurant is very popular in the area.

A. On B. By c. With D. In

Question 12: Tommy is on the way khổng lồ his friend’s birthday party, carrying a gift box___________in colourful paper.

A. Were nicely wrapped

B. Having wrapped nicely

C. Nicely wrapped

D. Nicely wrapping

Question 13: Many twelfth graders find it hard to__________what university to lớn apply to.

A. Decide B. Decision C. Decisive D. Decisively

Question 14: He is disappointed at not winning the competition, but he will soon___________it.

A. Take after B. Get over C. Look after D. Go over

Question 15: The government has_____________every effort to stop the rapid spread of COVID-19.

A. Done B. Made C. Created D. Brought

Question 16: Making chicken soup is not difficult; it’s just a matter of following the___________.

A. Ingredients B. Kiến thiết C. Spices D. Recipe

Question 17: After his miraculous recovery from the stroke, the man spent the__________of his life travelling & doing charity work.

A. Remainder B. Abundance C. Legacy D. Excess

Question 18: Despite our careful planning, the whole surprise buổi tiệc ngọt was a_____________of accidents.

A. Volume B. Verse C. Chapter D. Page

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning khổng lồ the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 19: Laura handled the vase with great care for fear of breaking it.

A. Strength B. Comfort c. Success D. Attention

Question 20: It is considered wise lớn keep silent when one is angry because saying anything then may make matters worse.

A. Sensible B. Generous c. Modest D. Careless

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning lớn the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Question 21: When Josh was promoted lớn the position of marketing director, he had to shoulder more responsibilities.

A. Receive B. Prevent c. Avoid D. Carry

Question 22: The athlete’s bitter defeat in the match dealt a blow to his hopes of defending his title at the championship.

A. Destroyed B. Raised c. Expressed D. Weakened

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges.

Question 23: David is talking to Lucy about her painting.- David: “What a beautiful painting!”- Lucy: “____”A. No problem

B. It’s on the wall

C. I’m glad you like it

D. You’re welcome

Question 24: Peter và Dane are talking about environmental protection.- Peter: “We should limit the use of plastic bags.”- Dane: “_____. We can use paper bags instead.”A. I completely agree

B. It’s not true

C. I don’t quite agree

D. You’re wrong

Read the following passage & mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 lớn 29.

Ecotourism

The primary aim of ecotourism is lớn educate the traveller and bring him or her closer lớn nature. Participants are given the chance khổng lồ visit parts of the world (25)_____are untouched by human intervention and to engage in conservation work và various other kinds of environmental projects. Visitors benefit by gaining an appreciation of natural habitats and an (26)________into the impact of human beings on the environment. Local communities gain financially but also in (27)_______ways, since not only monuments but other buildings as well, such as bridges or windmills, are restored in order to attract more visitors. (28)_____, there are also disadvantages khổng lồ this type of tourism. There have been cases in which tourism has been allowed khổng lồ develop with no control or limits. As a result, (29)______cultures have been affected or even threatened by foreign lifestyles. Many people today support that our approach lớn the development of ecotourism has to be reconsidered. It is essential that this type of tourism be environmentally, socially, và culturally friendly.

Question 25: A. Who B. That C. When D. Why

Question 26: A. Advent B. Intent C. Access D. Insight

Question 27: A. Other B. Another C. Every D. One

Question 28: A. Although B. Therefore C. However D. Moreover

Question 29: A. Primary B. Peculiar C. Indigenous D. Exotic

Read the following passage và mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to lớn indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 30 to 34.

Parents complain that it is difficult lớn live with teenagers. Then again, teenagers say exactly the same thing about their parents! According to a recent survey, the most common arguments between parents & teenagers are those regarding untidiness and household chores. On the one hand, parents go mad over untidy rooms, clothes dropped on the floor and their children’s refusal khổng lồ help with the housework. On the other hand, teenagers chiến bại their patience continually when parents tell them off for dropping the towel in the bathroom, not cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket.

The survey, conducted by St George University, showed that different parents have different approaches lớn these problems. However, some approaches are much more successful than others. For example, those parents who yell at their teens for their untidiness, but later clear up after them, have fewer chances of changing their teens’ behaviour. On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the consequences of their actions are more successful. For instance, when teenagers who don’t help their parents with the shopping don’t find their favourite food in the fridge, they are forced lớn reconsider their actions.

Psychologists say that the most important thing in parent-teen relationships is communication. Parents should talk lớn their teens, but at the same time they should listen khổng lồ what their children have to say. Parents should tell their teens off when they are untidy, but they should also understand that their room is their own private space. Communication is a two-way process. It is only by listening to & understanding each other that problems between parents & teens can be solved.

Question 30: Which best serves as the title for the passage?

A. Teen Issues B. Family Rules C. Parents’ Advice D. Parents’ Anger

Question 31: The phrase “go mad” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning lớn

A. Get bored B. Feel sad C. Remain calm D. Become angry

Question 32: Which is NOT mentioned in paragraph 1 as a cause of arguments between teenagers & parents?

A. Teenagers drop their clothes on the floor.

B. Teenagers go shopping a lot.

C. Teenagers refuse to do the housework.

D. Teenagers vì chưng not tidy their rooms.

Question 33: According to lớn paragraph 2, parents have a better chance of changing their children’s behaviour by______.

A. Shouting at them whenever they do something wrong

B. Cooking them their favourite food

C. Doing the household chores for them

D. Letting them experience the bad results of their actions

Question 34: The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to_________ .

A. Parents B. Teens c. Psychologists D. Children

Read the following passage và mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to lớn 42.

Oxford University has released a sample of interview questions - including what a rock looks like and how you listen to music - lớn help students who want khổng lồ study at the top institution. Among the menu of questions are: “What can historians not find out about the past?”, “Is religion of value whether or not there is a God?” and “How can we estimate the mass of the atmosphere?”. Prospective earth sciences students could be asked what a rock handed lớn them looks like, meanwhile chemistry candidates are asked khổng lồ calculate how many different molecules can be made from six carbon atoms and 12 hydrogen atoms.

In efforts lớn make the interview process more transparent, the prestigious university has released advice on how khổng lồ answer the example questions just days after the deadline for applications closed. Dr Samina Khan, director of admissions & outreach, said: “Interviews will be an entirely new experience for most students, và we know many prospective applicants are already worried about being in an unfamiliar place & being questioned by people they have not met.”

She added: “We want to lớn underscore that every question asked by our tutors has a purpose, và that purpose is to assess how students think about their subject & respond lớn new information or unfamiliar ideas. No matter what kind of educational background or opportunities you have had, the interview should be an opportunity to lớn present your interest và ability in your chosen subject, since they are not just about reciting what you already know.”

Laura Tunbridge, from St Catherine’s College, explained why a music candidate might be asked to explain the different ways they listen to music. “The question allows students khổng lồ use their own musical experiences as a starting point for a broader & more abstract discussion about the different ways people consume music, the relationship between music và technology, & how music can define US socially,” she said.

Candidates who successfully clear the first hurdle with their written application will be invited to interview. “We know there are still misunderstandings about the Oxford interview, so we put as much information as possible out there to allow students lớn see the reality of the process,” added Dr Khan.

Question 35: Which of the following best serves as the title for the article?

A. Oxford University: Lowering Standards in Times of Change!

B. The History of Oxford’s Interviewing Schemes

C. Oxford University Interview Questions: Would You Pass the Test?

D. The Oxford’s Guide to lớn Success in Job Interviews

Question 36: The word “them” in paragraph 1 refers to____________.

A. Prospective earth sciences students

B. Historians

C. Chemistry candidates

D. Questions

Question 37: Why has Oxford University publicised its sample interview questions & related advice?

A. To prepare students for unfamiliar questions in their job interviews

B.To familiarise potential applicants with their interview process

C. To demo public reaction to lớn their novel interview process

D. To reduce confusion among most of their current students

Question 38: The word “reciting” in paragraph 3 most probably means_________.

A. Repeating B. Reassessing C. Releasing D. Revising

Question 39: According lớn Laura Tunbridge, the question about a candidate’s ways of listening khổng lồ music is intended to________.

A. Judge the candidate’s ability lớn react to familiar situations

B. Mix the context for a more abstract discussion on music-related topics

C. Encourage the candidate to elaborate on their individual preferences

D. Measure their understanding of how công nghệ affects entertainment choices

Question 40: The word “clear” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to______.

A. Pass B. Face C. Give D. Skip

Question 41: Which of the following is TRUE, according khổng lồ the passage?

A. Dr Khan advises candidates khổng lồ focus more on showing their general knowledge at the interview.

B. Oxford University plans lớn use the same phối of questions for all candidates.

C. Oxford University only releases sample interview questions for earth sciences và music.

D. Dr Khan understands how the notion of attending the Oxford interview may affect prospective candidates.

Question 42: Which question is a history candidate LEAST likely to lớn be asked in the Oxford interview?

A. “How can one define a revolution?”

B. “What would a historian find interesting about the place you live?”

C. “Name some pop idols you would most lượt thích to meet. Why the choice?”

D. “Which sort of person in the past would you lượt thích to interview? Why?” 

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet lớn indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Question 43: Maths were one of his favourite subjects when he was at primary school. A B C DQuestion 44: Daisy enjoys going shopping, playing sports, and to hang out with friends in her freetime. A B C D

Question 45: It was inconsiderable of him not lớn call trang chủ and let his parents know he wouldn’tcome back until the next day. A B C DMark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning khổng lồ each of the following questions.

Question 46: Joe is more hard-working than his brother.

A. Joe is not as hard-working as his brother.

B. Joe’s brother is not as hard-working as he is.

C. Joe is less hard-working than his brother.

D. Joe’s brother is more hard-working than he is.

Question 47: “You’d better stay at home during this time,” he said to Lan.

A. He ordered Lan lớn stay at home during that time.

B. He warned Lan against staying at home during that time.

C. He advised Lan lớn stay at home during that time.

D. He thanked Lan for staying at home during that time.

Question 48: You are not allowed khổng lồ take photos in the museum.

A. You may take photos in the museum.

B. You should take photos in the museum.

C. You mustn’t take photos in the museum.

D. You needn’t take photos in the museum.

Mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet khổng lồ indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

Question 49: The film is not perfect. Its abrupt ending spoils it.

A. The film would be perfect if it ended abruptly.

B. Provided the film ended abruptly, it would not be perfect.

C. Unless the film ends abruptly, it won’t be perfect.

D. But for its abrupt ending, the film would be perfect.

Question 50: Olga handed in her exam paper. She then realised that she had missed one question.

A.Having realised that she had missed one question, Olga handed in her exam paper.

B. Not until Olga had handed in her exam paper did she realise that she had missed one question.

C. Had Olga realised that she had missed one question, she wouldn’t hand in her exam paper.

D. Only after Olga realised that she had missed one question did she hand in her exam paper.

Xem thêm: Sinh Học 10 Bài 22: Dinh Dưỡng, Chuyển Hóa Vật Chất Và Năng Lượng Ở Vi Sinh Vật

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B. ĐÁP ÁN ĐỀ THI THAM KHẢO MÔN TIẾNG ANH 2020

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C. GIẢI THÍCH chi TIẾT

Q1: C vì chưng s được phân phát âm là /s/, các từ còn lại s phạt âm là /z/Q2: D vày i được phạt âm là /i/ các từ sót lại i phạt âm là /ai/Q3: B vì chưng “marry” trọng âm rơi vào tình thế âm huyết 1, các từ còn là rơi trúng âm tiết 2Q4: A vì “fantastic” trọng âm rơi vào hoàn cảnh âm máu 2, những từ còn lại rơi đúng âm tiết 1Q5: A (tag question) tường thuật khẳng định thì lúc này với đụng từ tobe => đuôi tủ định Q6: A sau hope + to VQ7: D cấu tạo câu điều kiện loại II với tobe của mệnh đề điều kiện là “were”Q8: B cấu tạo câu của liên tự since present perfect + since + past simpleQ9: C thắc mắc mang ý nghĩa nguyên nhân - kết quảQ10: D as soon as: ngay lập tức khi, cấu tạo simple future + as soon as + present perfectQ11: D nhiều từ “in advance”: trướcQ12: CQ13: A sau to lớn + VQ14: B Get over something: mừng quýnh trở lại sau thời điểm một sự kiện ko hay đã xảy ra, không thể buồn về một chuyện nào đó nữa.Q15: B vày effort đi với “make”Q16: D recipe: phương pháp làm món ăn uống (cách làm)Q17: A đi theo nhiều danh tự the remainder of his life: quãng đời còn lại của ông taQ18: C đi theo cum a chapter of accident: một loạt sự kiện rủi ro xấu xảy raQ19: D care = attention: sự chú ý, chuyên sócQ20: A wise: thận trọng (cho rằng là hợp lý) = sensibleQ21: C have to lớn shoulder: đề nghị gánh vác (nhận trách nhiệm) >Q22: B dealt a blow: giáng một đòn (thức tỉnh) >Q23: C dùng làm đáp lại lời khen, nhì ý A và C theo lần lượt đáp lại câu gợi ý và câu cảm ơnQ24: A mô tả sự trọn vẹn đồng ýQ25: B that = the worldQ26: D insight: loại nhìn sâu sắc với một sự việc gìQ27: other đi với N số nhiềuQ28: C mang chân thành và ý nghĩa trái ngược và hoàn toàn có thể đứng 1 mình trước dấu phẩy “However,”Q29: C indigenous mang những chân thành và ý nghĩa thuộc về bạn dạng xứ, phiên bản địa (đi cùng với cultures)Q30: BQ31: D go mad: điên lên = become angryQ32: B trường đoản cú đoạn “On the one hand, parents go mad over untidy rooms, clothes dropped on the floor và their children’s refusal lớn help with the housework”Q33: D câu “On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the consequences of their actions are more successful”Q34: AQ35: CQ36: A “them” sửa chữa cho danh từ công ty ngữ “prospective earth sciences students”Q37: B “Oxford University has released a sample of interview questions - including what a rock looks like and how you listen to lớn music - to lớn help students who want to lớn study at the vị trí cao nhất institution” , “Interviews will be an entirely new experience for most students, và we know many prospective applicants are already worried about being in an unfamiliar place and being questioned by people they have not met.”Q38: AQ39: B “The question allows students to lớn use their own musical experiences as a starting point for a broader và more abstract discussion about the different ways people consume music, the relationship between music and technology, & how music can define US socially”Q40: A clear = pass: quá quaQ41: D ““Interviews will be an entirely new experience for most students, and we know many prospective applicants are already worried about being in an unfamiliar place and being questioned by people they have not met”, “We know there are still misunderstandings about the Oxford interview, so we put as much information as possible out there to allow students lớn see the reality of the process”Q42: CQ43: A Maths: môn Toán => số không nhiều => wasQ44: C trước vào sau “and” dạng của đụng từ là giống nhau => hanging outQ45: A không nên từ loạiQ46: B chuyển từ dạng câu so sánh hơn sang đối chiếu bằng S + V + as + adj/adv + as + S + VQ47: C mang chân thành và ý nghĩa lời khuyên răn had better = shouldQ48: C mang ý nghĩa không chất nhận được not allowed = mustn’t takeQ49: D: But for + N: nếu không tồn tại (câu đk loại 2)Q50: B “Olga handed in her exam paper. She then realised that she had missed one question” (Olga chuyển tờ giấy thi của mình. Tiếp nối cô phân biệt rằng mình đã bỏ qua một câu hỏi) => Dùng đảo ngữ với Not until (cho cho khi)

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