You probably already know what a noun is, but I"m still going to lớn give you a little refresher. :) Nouns are words that name people, places, things, or ideas. There are many different types of nouns, & in this lesson, we"ll go over two of them: common và proper. 

Learning about common nouns will help you understand proper nouns, so let"s focus on common nouns first, và then we"ll see what the relationship is between them. 


Common nouns name people, places, things or ideas that are generic.

Bạn đang xem: What are proper nouns and how do you use them?

woman, city, dog

Notice that we don"t know exactly which woman, city, or dog we"re referring to. 

Since these nouns aren"t naming anything specific, they don"t need khổng lồ start with a capital letter unless they begin a sentence.


These are nouns that name specific people, places, things, or ideas.

Maya, Paris, Rover

Do you see how these are different? Maya is naming a specific woman, Paris is naming a specific city, and Rover is naming a specific dog. 

Since these nouns are naming specific things, they always begin with a capital letter. Sometimes, they contain two or more important words.

Maya Angelou, Central Park Zoo, Pacific Ocean

If this is the case, both important words are capitalized, & the whole thing is still considered khổng lồ be one noun even though it"s made up of more than one word. These are called compound nouns. How about that?


Their Relationship


Every proper noun has a common noun equivalent.


Proper --> Common

Kleenex --> tissue

Honda Odyssey --> van

V8 --> juice


However, not every common noun has a proper noun equivalent.


Common --> Proper

hand --> -

dirt --> -

space --> -


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What Can They Do?


Both of these kinds of nouns can perform many jobs in sentences. Below, you"ll find five noun jobs. (All of the nouns in these example sentences are common.) 

These examples also include sentence diagrams. Sentence diagrams are pictures of sentences that basically make the grammar in the sentence visual. That sounds kind of strange, but it"s true. Figuring out a sentence"s diagrams is lượt thích solving a puzzle. Diagrams are a great way to learn grammar!

1. Subject The students happily studied grammar.


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2. Direct Object The students happily studied grammar.


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3. Indirect Object They taught their friends grammar.


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4. Object of the Preposition Their friends smiled with glee.

Xem thêm: Lý Thuyết Sơ Lược Về Bảng Tuần Hoàn Các Nguyên Tố Hóa Học, Giải Hóa 9 Bài 31:


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5. Predicate Nominative They were grammar champions!


You Might Also Enjoy These Lessons


What are countable and uncountable nouns?


What are phrasal verbs?


What is an appositive?


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Word Lists for the 8 Parts of Speech (Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, Prepositions, Conjunctions, & Interjections)17 PagesPrintable 100% Money-Back Guarantee

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If you"d lượt thích me lớn help you teach or learn grammar in an easy and approachable way, kiểm tra out my step-by-step Get Smart Grammar Program. It lays everything out clearly & allows you lớn move at your own pace. Just watch the videos & complete your assignments. By the time you finish, you"ll have an excellent grasp of grammar & sentence diagramming, & you"ll feel much more confident. 


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