Definition of Primery
Pri"ma*ry (?), a.
The church of Christ, in its primaryinstitution. Bp. Pearson.
These I call original, or primary, qualities ofbody. Locke.
2. First in order, as being preparatory tosomething higher; as, primary assemblies; primaryschools.
3. First in dignity or importance; chief;principal; as, primary planets; a matter of primaryimportance.
4. (Geol.) Earliest formed;fundamental.
5. (Chem.) Illustrating, possessing, orcharacterized by, some quality or property in the first degree; havingundergone the first stage of substitution or replacement.
Primary alcohol (Organic Chem.), anyalcohol which possess the group CH2.OH, and can be oxidizedso as to form a corresponding aldehyde and acid having the same numberof carbon atoms; -- distinguished from secondary ∧ tertiaryalcohols. -- Primary amine (Chem.),an amine containing the amido group, or a derivative of ammonia inwhich only one atom of hydrogen has been replaced by a basic radical;-- distinguished from secondary ∧ tertiary amines. --Primary amputation (Surg.), an amputationfor injury performed as soon as the shock due to the injury has passedaway, and before symptoms of inflammation supervene. --Primary axis (Bot.), the main stalk whichbears a whole cluster of flowers. -- Primarycolors. See under Color. -- Primarymeeting, a meeting of citizens at which the first stepsare taken towards the nomination of candidates, etc. SeeCaucus. -- Primary pinna (Bot.),one of those portions of a compound leaf or frond which branch offdirectly from the main rhachis or stem, whether simple orcompounded. -- Primary planets.(Astron.) See the Note under Planet. --Primary qualities of bodies, such are essentialto and inseparable from them. -- Primary quills(Zoöl.), the largest feathers of the wing of a bird;primaries. -- Primary rocks (Geol.),a term early used for rocks supposed to have been first formed,being crystalline and containing no organic remains, as granite,gneiss, etc.; -- called also primitive rocks. The termsSecondary, Tertiary, and Quaternary rocks havealso been used in like manner, but of these the last two only are nowin use. -- Primary salt (Chem.), asalt derived from a polybasic acid in which only one acid hydrogenatom has been replaced by a base or basic radical. --Primary syphilis (Med.), the initialstage of syphilis, including the period from the development of theoriginal lesion or chancre to the first manifestation of symptomsindicative of general constitutional infection. --Primary union (Surg.), union withoutsuppuration; union by the first intention.
Pri"ma*ry, n.; pl.Primaries (&?;). 1. That whichstands first in order, rank, or importance; a chief matter.
2. A primary meeting; a caucus.
3. (Zoöl.) One of the largefeathers on the distal joint of a bird"s wing. See Plumage, andIllust. of Bird.
4. (Astron.) A primary planet; thebrighter component of a double star. See underPlanet.
a preliminary election to select a political candiate. the first year of grade school.The first in a group or series. ("Children attend primary school, teenagers attend secondary education.")That which is placed ahead of others. ("Preferred stock has primary claim on dividends ahead of common stock.") a base or fundemental component; something that is irreducible.
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