Unless you’re using an SSD, your system will eventually suffer from performance loss when the data stored on your hard drive becomes fragmented. There’s no reason to worry when this happens – defragging your hard drive is a simple fix.

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Hard disk drives fragment data because they are random by nature. Consisting of an actuator, platter, spindle, actuator arm, & read/write head (among other parts), hard drives work by storing and seeking out information on a rotating disk.

When data is written (stored), it’s written lớn the first empty portion of the drive that the write head can access. When a hard disk drive has written a significant amount of data, the empty portions become rarer. It becomes harder & harder for the drive to find all the information or programs you want it khổng lồ access in a timely manner. By defragmenting your hard drive, you are asking the computer to consolidate the information in one area of the drive. This will allow the drive to find information faster & find open portions to write new information faster.

If you want khổng lồ change when Disk Defragmenter runs, follow these steps:

Click the Start thực đơn or Windows buttonSelect Control Panel, then System & SecurityUnder Administrative Tools, click Defragment your hard driveClick Configure schedule…Select the schedule you want. Pick a date và time that the computer will be on but no one is typically using it. The computer can be asleep.Click OK
Windows 7 Disk Defragmenter: Modify Schedule pop-up window

Method 2: Manually run Disk Defragmenter

To run Disk Defragmenter manually, it’s usually best to analyze the disk first.

Click the Start menu or Windows buttonSelect Control Panel, then System & SecurityUnder Administrative Tools, click Defragment your hard driveSelect Analyze disk. The report you get will indicate if you need to defrag your disk.

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If you need lớn manually defrag your disk, click Defragment disk
Windows 7 Disk Defragmenter pop-up window reports current analysis status of a disk analysis report

To access the Disk Defragmenter in Windows XP, follow these steps:

1. Click the Start button & select My Computer

2. Select the local disk volume that you want to defragment by right-clicking it, then click Properties.

3. On the Tools tab, click Defragment Now, then click Defragment