Supposed to is part of a modal verb phrase meaning expected to or required to. Although suppose to crops up frequently in casual speech và writing, it should not be used in that sense. Suppose (without the d) should only be used as the present tense of the verb meaning to assume (something khổng lồ be true).
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When to Use Supposed To
To be supposed to is a common phrase that functions the same way a modal verb does. Modal verbs, also called auxiliary or helping verbs, địa chỉ cửa hàng meaning to lớn the main verb in a sentence by expressing possibility, ability, permission, or obligation. Supposed to, like have to, can fall into the “obligation” category.
I have to be trang chủ by midnight or my coach will turn into a pumpkin.
I am supposed lớn be trang chủ by midnight or my coach will turn into a pumpkin.
Whenever it is used in either of these senses, supposed to will be preceded by a size of to be và followed by a verb.
The Verb lớn Suppose
On the other hand, the verb to suppose means to lớn presume, in theory, that something is the case without certain evidence.
Max isn’t here yet, so I suppose his train was delayed.
The committee supposes that the decline in profits is due lớn a faulty sản phẩm design.
Supposed To, Have To, và Ought To
Some English language learners are easily confused by the modal verbs to be supposed to, have to, and ought to. While all three function similarly in a sentence, their meanings are subtly different.
To be supposed to vị something implies that the subject is obligated và expected to vì the main verb’s action, although there is a possibility it won’t happen.
Here, there is an expectation that the magician will be able khổng lồ perform his trick correctly, but there is always a chance that he won’t succeed. The sentence conveys this expectation & the reader must now wait khổng lồ see if that expectation will be fulfilled.
Has to means the same as must; it implies that the subject has no choice about performing the verb’s action.
This sentence conveys that if the magician does not produce the rabbit, there will be no applause. He simply must vày it khổng lồ get the result he wants.
Ought to is more of a suggestion. It conveys what would be best for the subject khổng lồ do, but the subject is not compelled to do it.
To ensure that he has a compliant, content rabbit in his hat, the magician should give his rabbit a carrot, although no one requires it of him. It would simply be a good idea.
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If you only remember a single grammar factoid about suppose, let it be that you can confidently expunge “I am suppose to…” from your literary repertoire forever. That’s just how it is supposed lớn be.